A solemn affirmation or declaration, made with a reverent appeal to God for the truth of what is affirmed.
- A solemn, formal declaration or promise to fulfill a pledge, often calling on God, a god, or a sacred object as witness.
- The words or formula of such a declaration or promise.
- Something declared or promised.
- An irreverent or blasphemous use of the name of God or something held sacred.
- An imprecation; a curse.