To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity.
- To make short or shorter.
- Nautical To take in (a sail) so that less canvas is exposed to the wind, thereby reducing speed.
- To reduce in force, efficacy, or intensity.
- To add shortening to (dough) so as to make flaky.
- To become short or shorter.