To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm.
- To modify by the addition of a moderating element; moderate: "temper its doctrinaire logic with a little practical wisdom” ( Robert H. Jackson). See Synonyms at moderate.
- To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by or as if by blending, admixing, or kneading: temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.
- To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.
- To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen: soldiers who had been tempered by combat.
- To adjust finely; attune: a portfolio that is tempered to the investor's needs.
- Music To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.
- To be or become tempered.
- A state of mind or emotions; disposition: an even temper. See Synonyms at mood1.
- Calmness of mind or emotions; composure: lose one's temper.
- A tendency to become easily angry or irritable: a quick temper.
- An outburst of rage: a fit of temper.
- A characteristic general quality; tone: heroes who exemplified the medieval temper; the politicized temper of the 1930s.
- The condition of being tempered.
- The degree of hardness and elasticity of a metal, chiefly steel, achieved by tempering.
- A modifying substance or agent added to something else.
- Archaic A middle course between extremes; a mean.