A dignitary under the Anglo-Saxons and Danes in England. Of these there were two orders, the king's thanes, who attended the kings in their courts and held lands immediately of them, and the ordinary thanes, who were lords of manors and who had particular jurisdiction within their limits. After the Conquest, this title was disused, and baron took its place.
- A freeman granted land by the king in return for military service in Anglo-Saxon England.
- A man ranking above an ordinary freeman and below a nobleman in Anglo-Saxon England.
- A feudal lord or baron in Scotland.