An elementary substance, not metallic in its nature, which is present in all organic compounds. Atomic weight 11.97. Symbol C. it is combustible, and forms the base of lampblack and charcoal, and enters largely into mineral coals. In its pure crystallized state it constitutes the diamond, the hardest of known substances, occuring in monometric crystals like the octahedron, etc. Another modification is graphite, or blacklead, and in this it is soft, and occurs in hexagonal prisms or tables. When united with oxygen it forms carbon dioxide, commonly called carbonic acid, or carbonic oxide, according to the proportions of the oxygen; when united with hydrogen, it forms various compounds called hydrocarbons. Compare Diamond, and Graphite.
- A naturally abundant nonmetallic element that occurs in many inorganic and in all organic compounds, exists freely as graphite and diamond and as a constituent of coal, limestone, and petroleum, and is capable of chemical self-bonding to form an enormous number of chemically, biologically, and commercially important molecules. Atomic number 6; atomic weight 12.011; sublimation point above 3,500°C; boiling point 4,827°C; specific gravity of amorphous carbon 1.8 to 2.1, of diamond 3.15 to 3.53, of graphite 1.9 to 2.3; valence 2, 3, 4. See Table at element.
- A sheet of carbon paper.
- A carbon copy.
- Electricity Either of two rods through which current flows to form an arc, as in lighting or welding.
- Electricity A carbonaceous electrode in an electric cell.
Malayalam MeaningTransliteration ON/OFF | Not Correct/Proper?
ഒരു അലോഹമൂലകം - Oru Alohamoolakam ;കരി - Kari ;ലോഹമല്ലാത്ത ഒരു മൂലകം - Lohamallaaththa Oru Moolakam | Lohamallatha Oru Moolakam ; ;പരിശുദ്ധാവസ്ഥയില് വജ്രമായും ഗ്രാഫൈറ്റായും പരിശുദ്ധമല്ലാത്ത അവസ്ഥയില് കരിയായും കാണപ്പെടുന്നത് - Parishuddhaavasthayil Vajramaayum Graaphaittaayum Parishuddhamallaaththa Avasthayil Kariyaayum Kaanappedunnathu | Parishudhavasthayil Vajramayum Graphaittayum Parishudhamallatha Avasthayil Kariyayum Kanappedunnathu ;ഇംഗാലം - Imgaalam | Imgalam ;