That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoint; a make-believe; delusion; imposture, humbug.
- Something false or empty that is purported to be genuine; a spurious imitation.
- The quality of deceitfulness; empty pretense.
- One who assumes a false character; an impostor: "He a man! Hell! He was a hollow sham!” ( Joseph Conrad).
- A decorative cover made to simulate an article of household linen and used over or in place of it: a pillow sham.
- Not genuine; fake: sham diamonds; sham modesty.
- To put on the false appearance of; feign: "shamming insanity to get his tormentors to leave him alone” ( John Wain).
- To assume a false appearance or character; dissemble.