An obligation of record entered into before some court of record or magistrate duly authorized, with condition to do some particular act, as to appear at the same or some other court, to keep the peace, or pay a debt. A recognizance differs from a bond, being witnessed by the record only, and not by the party's seal.
- Law An obligation of record that is entered into before a court or magistrate, containing a condition to perform a particular act, such as making a court appearance.
- Law A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an act.
- A recognition.
- Archaic A pledge; a token.